Embodying the history of transportation in Connecticut, the Farmington Canal Greenway preserves one of Connecticut's oldest and most important transportation routes. In 1828, a 56-mile canal that began at Long Wharf in New Haven and exited the state at the notch near the Congamond Ponds on the northern border was opened to aid Connecticut's transportation industry. Eventually the shareholders sold their venture to the booming railroad industry. After over 100 years of trains passing through each day making it one of the Northeast's busiest links, the route fell into disuse when the railroads met their demise as a profitable form of transportation. A 5.6 mile section was eventually designated a greenway which is how the Farmington Canal Greenway exists today. In addition to the rich history of the site, exciting recreation opportunities exist. The fact that motor vehicles aren't allowed on this greenway allows for all types of activities without the fear of cars. Because of the paved surface and distance from automobile traffic, bicycling is the highlight of this location; although inline skaters and joggers enjoy the greenway as well.