Landgoed Groeneveld est un sentier de point à point de 15.6 kilomètres situé près de Hilversum, North Holland en Pays-Bas. Le sentier longe une rivière et sa difficulté est évaluée comme modérée. Le sentier offre plusieurs activités.

Distance: 15.6 km Dénivelé: 58 m Type d'itinéraire: Point A à point B

randonnée

activités en pleine nature

balade

voie partiellement aménagée

rivière

vue panoramique

fleurs sauvages

faune

site historique

Barathon

The Groeneveld Estate route runs along with part of the Trekvogelpad. The walk goes from Baarn station to Hilversum Noord station. At the intersection of Wilhelminalaan with Nassau and Emmalaan, De Wilhelminavijver is located on the highest point of Baarn. The area is therefore called "Hoog Baarn" and still has something of the charm of yesteryear. The winding narrow roads date from the time when people went on romantic carriage trips. In the ice cellar of Castle Groeneveld ice used to be stored in the winter. This ice was chopped from the ponds of the castle garden. The 42 cm thick walls and the meter of land on top of the basement provided such insulation that it was possible to keep the ice well for two years. Groeneveld Castle was built around 1710 by order of Marius de Mamuchet, descendant of Hainaut Huguenots. This beautiful outdoors has remained in the hands of private individuals for 230 years. Around 1745 the building was expanded considerably. Wings have been added on both sides, which are as high as the middle section. Partly because of this, Groeneveld Castle has become a unique building. Staatsbosbeheer bought the estate in 1940. The castle was restored between 1977 and 1982. The National Center for Forest, Nature and Landscape then settled in the castle. Exhibitions are held on themes around nature and the environment. The park was originally laid out at Groeneveld Castle in the classic French baroque style of the 18th century. Halfway through the last century the park was transformed into the English landscape style. Forest was interspersed with lawn, but also with pasture and fields. A natural variation was attempted by constructing winding paths, water features, bridges and artificial hills. The Zuiderheide at teahouse 't Bluk is grazed by Charolais cattle. These ensure that the grasses of the heath and the dense growth with trees and shrubs are prevented. More than 100 years ago the heath was maintained by the shepherd with his herd. Heather was an essential link in agriculture. The sheep eaten the heath. The farmers put out heathland plagues and thus covered the floor of the sheepfold. The sheep stood in the stable at night. Their droppings landed on the plagues. The mixture was ground under the many sheep's feet. When the sheep were almost standing with their backs against the attic, the farmer cleaned the stable and threw the fertilized plagues over the fields. Because of the centuries of fertilization, the fields became higher and higher. The Geological Museum Hofland is located in the former toll house at St. Janskerkhof. The exhibition contains an extensive collection of boulders, minerals and fossils.

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