Landgoed Beeckestijn est un sentier en boucle de 11.1 kilomètres modérément fréquenté situé près de Driehuis, North Holland en Pays-Bas. Le sentier vous présentera des fleurs sauvages et sa difficulté est évaluée comme facile. Le sentier offre plusieurs activités.

Distance: 11.1 km Dénivelé: 83 m Type d'itinéraire: Boucle

randonnée

balade

ornithologie

voie aménagée

vue panoramique

fleurs sauvages

faune

site historique

This walk first runs through the Beeckestijn estate, then through Waterland estate and then past large bunkers from the Second World War at the end you walk past the oldest crematorium in the Netherlands. The history of Beeckestijn goes back to the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. At the time, it was a fortified manor of the Beeckestijn family. In the seventeenth century it became the property of the mayor Joan Munter. His daughter Agatha Munter (1632-1687), owner of the estate, married Joan Corver. Jan Trip van Berckenrode inherited the mansion from his mother Margaretha Munter (1639-1711). He was succeeded by his son Jan Trip the Younger. The current estate was largely laid out between 1716 and 1721 by this Jan Trip, married to Petronella Wilhelmina van Hoorn, the daughter of the governor-general Joan van Hoorn. Sculptor and stucco artist Ignatius van Logteren, one of the most requested decorative artists of the time, was involved in the redesigned interior. After Trip died, his widow remarried to Lubbert Adolph Torck. In 1742 Jacob Boreel bought Janszoon, a wealthy and influential Amsterdam regent, Beeckestijn. He made a large number of changes to the home and garden. The side wings were built on this way and both coach houses appeared. Boreel had the house enlarged in 1772 and constructed the back park. Boreel had been to England as a diplomat and knew the latest developments in the field of garden architecture. The new construction was designed by Johann Georg Michaël (1738-1800) from Germany. The gardens were equipped with winding paths, flower-bearing shrubs, water features, meadows and romantic structures such as a gardener's house in the form of a neo-Gothic chapel. This is probably the first English garden in the Netherlands. From 1883 the Dutch politician Petrus Hendrik Holtzman inhabited the estate. It remained in private ownership until the mid-twentieth century, after which it was handed over to the municipality of Velsen. At the estate there are authentic formal gardens and a landscape park. These have slowly been restored to their former glory since the 1960s. A museum was located in the house itself for years. Among other things, there were eighteenth-century period rooms, a kitchen and a children's playroom. The annual Beeckestijn Popfestival is held in the landscape park of the estate. On Thursday, February 16, 2006, the Beeckestijn Museum closed its doors after 37 years. The municipality of Velsen decided to sell the estate with house and gardens in the context of large-scale cuts. In May 2007 the country estate was transferred to the Hendrick de Keyser Association. The gardens, the park and both coach houses came into the possession of the Vereniging Natuurmonumenten. The gardens have been laid out according to fixed mutual proportions and sizes. The following are used as basic shapes: triangles, circles and squares. The triangle symbolized the trinity of body, mind and soul. The circle represented the feminine, the heavenly or the harmony. Circle and square together stood for heaven and earth. A circle in the square can mean heaven on earth or paradise. You will see these shapes when you walk through the gardens. Then you come to huge bunkers dating from the Second World War. They were simply furnished and suitable for accommodating a number of soldiers. The bunkers were bombproof and could be sealed completely gas-tight. You also walk into the Zuid-Kennemerland National Park. This is a large, unspoilt dune landscape between IJmuiden and Zandvoort. In this northern part you mainly walk through the centuries-old dense oak forests. After this you will find Westerveld Cemetery & Crematorium on the left side of the road. It is one of the oldest private cemeteries and the first crematorium in the Netherlands - together a national monument. The cemetery was built between 1880 and 1890 by a landscape architect. The crematorium stands on a dune hill and is designed in an Art Deco style. The large auditorium was designed by Dudok. All in all, Westerveld is a sample of monumental, Dutch architecture.

randonnée
5 months ago