Haarlem Monumentenwandeling est un sentier en boucle de 6.4 kilomètres situé près de Haarlem, North Holland en Pays-Bas. Le sentier longe une rivière et sa difficulté est évaluée comme facile. Le sentier est principalement utilisé pour la marche et l'observation des oiseaux.

Distance: 6.4 km Dénivelé: 81 m Type d'itinéraire: Boucle

balade

ornithologie

voie aménagée

rivière

vue panoramique

fleurs sauvages

parcours urbain

site historique

Barathon

The oldest museum in the Netherlands, intimate courtyards and an organ still played by Mozart; these are just a few of the special sights on this route along the most beautiful monuments in Haarlem. The oldest parts of. Haarlem's city center dates back to the 14th century, but in the 17th century the city really went for it financially and culturally. This was largely due to the arrival of a large stream of Flemish emigrants at the beginning of the century. Successful entrepreneurs and talented artists such as Frans Hals who had fled the religious persecution in the south of the Netherlands tried to build a new life in Haarlem. It brought the city to full bloom. And Haarlem is still a fascinating and atmospheric cultural city, where countless monuments recall a rich history. First, the walk takes you to Bakenes, the oldest part of the city. Here you can take a look at the Bakenesserhofje, one of the approximately twenty courtyards that. the city is rich. It was founded in 1395 and is the oldest hofje in the Netherlands. The twelve living units around the inner garden, however, date from the 17th century. In addition to the oldest courtyard, the walk also takes you past the oldest museum in the Netherlands, the Teylers Museum. The museum is named after the 18th-century textile manufacturer Pieter Teyler van der Hulst and opened its doors for the first time in 1784. The original interior is still largely intact, so that you can truly imagine yourself two hundred years ago. Entirely in the spirit of that time, the museum houses the most diverse collections: from fossils to paintings, from bones to coins and from minerals to physical instruments. The beautiful Grote or St. Bavo church is on the Grote Markt. Construction started in the 14th century and much of the furniture dates from before the iconoclasm. But the most famous is the church for its Christian Müller organ from 1738. This organ has been known for centuries beyond national borders. Little Mozart, then only ten years old, even played it for an hour. In the summer months free organ concerts are given every Tuesday evening and Thursday afternoon. Beyond St. Bavo you turn into Warmoesstraat, direction Frans Hals Museum. It is located in the former old men's home where Frans Hals spent his last days. The museum has a beautiful collection of paintings from the 16th century. The eighteen enormous militia pieces, five by Frans Hals, are special. There are also stylish rooms, an 18th-century dollhouse and a fully equipped historic pharmacy. In the garden in the courtyard you can dream away between box hedges in elegant patterns. Back on the Grote Markt you will see the old meat hall diagonally opposite the St. Bavo. This early 17th-century building is a typical example of the Dutch Renaissance style. You can still see that meat was traded here in earlier times by the facing bricks with oxen and sheep heads. Together with the adjacent Verweyhal, it forms De Hallen, a branch of the Frans Hals Museum. Before you settle down on one of the many terraces on the Grote Markt, you can view an exhibition here of mainly art from the past hundred years. In the basement of the meat hall is finally the archaeological museum of Haarlem.

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