Lille et Citadelle est un sentier de point à point de 4.7 kilomètres situé près de Lille, Hauts-de-France en France. Le sentier vous présentera des fleurs sauvages et sa difficulté est évaluée comme facile. Le sentier est principalement utilisé pour la marche.

Distance: 4.7 km Dénivelé: 102 m Type d'itinéraire: Point A à point B

balade

voie aménagée

vue panoramique

fleurs sauvages

faune

site historique

Lille is an adorable French city with a distinct history and culture. The landmarks presented in this tour will certainly catch your eye, enrich your senses and leave you with good memories of the city. Discover Lille’s best historical landmarks in the following tour. Tour starts at Metro Mairi de Lille. Tour Stops and Attractions: 1)Porte de Paris: Porte de Paris was built between 1685 and 1692 and was listed as an historic monument in 1865. When Louis XIV captured Lille, he ordered a huge triumphal arch to be built in honor of his victory. This gate was the entrance to Lille for some time. It is decorated with statues of Mars and Hercules, symbols of war and power. 2) Statue du Général Faidherbe: This statue depicts the French general and colonial manager, Louis Faidherbe (1818-1889). Born in Lille, he formed the Senegalese Tirailleurs while serving in Senegal. The sculpture, created by Antonin Mercie in 1896, features Faidherbe in military uniform on a horse. 3) Palais Rihour: Palais Rihour was built in the middle of the 15th century by the dukes of Burgundy. Currently, the building serves as the city’s tourist office. The building was bought by the town from the Spanish king in 1664 to serve as a town hall. This splendid palace originally contained four wings, but was unfortunately damaged and only a few reminders of its former beauty remain, including the staircase and the chapel. 4) Vieille Bourse: Vieille Bourse was built between 1652 and 1653. The tradesmen and stockbrokers of Lille needed a place to meet, so they convinced the king to open this stock exchange. It has become a famous historic monument and has been renovated numerous times. The emblem of the Bourse is a statue of Mercury, the God of Commerce. 5) Column of the Goddess: Column of the Goddess is the popular name given by the citizens of Lille to the Memorial of the Siege of 1792. The memorial sits in the center of the city's main square. The siege of September 1792 was a battle fought during the French Revolutionary War and is considered a major event in the city's history, despite its relatively low military significance on a wider scale. Hyacinthe Jadin composed Marche du Siège de Lille in 1792. Fifty years later, the local authorities decided on the building of a memorial, and began in September 1842. The memorial consists of a column topped by a statue. The column was designed by architect, Charles Benvignat, while the statue was sculpted by Théophile Bra as an allegory of the besieged city wearing a mural crown. 6) Place du Général-de-Gaulle: Place du Général-de-Gaulle, an historical site, is the city’s main square. This large square is surrounded by Flemish style houses, restaurants and cafes. There is the Column of the Goddess and a fountain in the center of the square. It is usually crowded with many people coming to relax, shop and eat. 7) Lille Cathedral: Lille Cathedral, or Basilique-cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-la-Treille de Lille, a national monument, has been the seat of the Bishop of Lille since the founding of the diocese in 1913. Its construction began in 1854, taking its name from a 12th century statue of the Virgin Mary. 8) Citadel of Lille: The Citadel of Lille is a pentagon-shaped fortress built into Lille’s city wall around 1668. It houses France’s Corps de Réaction Rapide. Dubbed "Queen of the Citadels" (Reine des Citadelles) by Vauban, it is one of his most notable designs. It was part of a double line of fortified towns, including Gravelines, Dunkirk and Maubeuge-Rocroi, the famous pré carré (square field), conceived by Vauban, comprising 28 fortified cities.

randonnée
4 months ago

Very nice historic park with good views of the fortifications.