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Reserva de paisaje de Karajimiškis Loop

FÁCIL 0 reseñas

El Loop de la Reserva del Paisaje de Karajimiškis es un sendero de 1.4 millas de tráfico moderado ubicado cerca del Municipio del Distrito de Biržai, Panevežys, Lituania, que cuenta con hermosas flores silvestres y es bueno para todos los niveles de habilidad. El sendero se utiliza principalmente para caminatas, caminatas, excursiones por la naturaleza y observación de aves. Los perros también pueden usar este sendero, pero deben mantenerse atados.

DISTANCIA
2.3 km
DESNIVEL
28 m
TIPO DE RUTA
Circular

perros con correa

apto para niños

senderismo

excursiones por la naturaleza

paseo

observación de aves

cueva

bosque

vistas

flores silvestres

lugar histórico

The trail starts from the parking place near the most famous karstic sinkhole in Biržai Regional Park, nature monument – “Cow’s cave”. Use the path on the left and you will reach Cow’s cave. Cow’s cave is one of the best-preserved shallow-type sinkholes. In 1964 it was declared as a natural monument. Legend says, that a maid of the nearby former Mantagailiškis manor was on her way to milk cows when she heard the cry of her baby… she threw buckets away and ran to calm the crying baby, and later when she came to milk cows she saw a huge hole and a chain next to it. Since then everybody call it as the Cow cave. This large, nearly circular, funnel-shaped sinkhole on the top was about 12 meters in diameter. Over the past few years, this sinkhole merged with a smaller one in the north eastern part. Now the total long-axis length – 22 m, longest diameter – 15.3 m, shortest diameter – 9.4 m, depth – 12.6 m. Lithuania’s speleologists repeatedly investigated Cow’s cave underground caverns. It turned out that the volume of underground cavity reaches up to 28 m3, floor area – 42 m2, the total length – 46 m. There are five caverns in the cave: Wet Cave, Narrow manhole, Bats manhole, Frog cave with underground lake (depth of 1.5 m) and Glossy cave. At the bottom of the cave is cool, underground lake temperature keeps constant, at about +5 °C. There are ninespine and three-spined sticklebacks, mollusks inside the lake, in one manhole a skeleton of bats (whiskered bats, northern bats, and brown long-eared bats) were found. Cavity walls and ceilings are made of dolomite, gypsum and its change – selenite layers. After visiting Cow’s cave you can proceed your trip around this sinkhole using the path. On the left you can find other famous sinkholes: Easter sinkole and Eve’s sinkhole. When you reach the parking place go straight to the road turn right (on the left you can find Maple pit) and use the road till the crossroad. Cross the road and you will find a Geologists’ pit – the start of geological trail. In 2012, there was a cognitive geological trail established in Karajimiškis landscape reserve. This 700 m long trail starts from the Geologist’s pit. On the way you will see Fox cave and a sinkhole with karst caves on its slopes which was assembled in 2011. The sinkhole was named Badger cave because a badger was living there. Further you can see Devonian rocks exposure in old sinkholes, and after making a circle around it the trail brings you back to Geologists’ pit. Geologists’ pit – karst sinkhole in Karajimiškis village, just a kilometer away from the famous sinkhole Karvė cave. It opened up on 22nd of April, 2003, a few days before Lithuania’ geologists day which is celebrated on the last weekend in April. Consequently the pit was called like this. Its diameter was 4.8 m, depth – 8,11 m. In 2004, on the 13th of December, a meter away from the geologists pit on the north-western edge opened up another karst sinkhole. It was an irregular funnel-shaped, hole diameter reached 3,6 m, depth – 4,95 m. In the beginning of 2005 both sinkholes merged and now form one karst sinkhole. Currently slopes are still scrolling; sinkhole is still forming. Now a width of sinkhole is about 13 x 10 m, depth – 4.8 m. Fox cave is in Karajimiškis village. Fox cave depth – about 7.4 m, diameter – 16 x 17 m. It is so named because foxes (lith. lapės) were living in the cave. This sinkhole is unusual due to chaotic layout of dolomite with gypsum blocks inside. The eastern and north-eastern slopes are shallower and covered with a Quaternary sediments spillage. While looking through rifts you can notice that the hole is deeper. Lapė cave – one of the few full-time dry sinkholes. Even in spring, melted snow water doesn’t stay long. It is therefore considered that on the bottom of the cave there some holes leading to underground cavitie merged and now form one karst sinkhole. Currently slopes are still scrolling; sinkhole is still forming. Now a width of sinkhole is about 13 x 10 m, depth – 4.8 m. Fox cave is in Karajimiškis village. Fox cave depth – about 7.4 m, diameter – 16 x 17 m. It is so named because foxes (lith. lapės) were living in the cave. This sinkhole is unusual due to chaotic layout of dolomite with gypsum blocks inside. The eastern and north-eastern slopes are shallower and covered with a Quaternary sediments spillage. While looking through rifts you can notice that the hole is deeper. Lapė cave – one of the few full-time dry sinkholes. Even in spring, melted snow water doesn’t stay long. It is therefore considered that on the bottom of the cave there some holes leading to underground cavities.

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