Vatican City Walking Tour is a 2.2 mile point-to-point trail located near the city of Roma. The trail is good for all skill levels and primarily used for walking.
Art and architectural wonders in the world's smallest country and the home of the pope Vatican City is not only a city, but also the world's smallest country and home to the Vatican. Also known as the Holy See, the Vatican is the capital of the Catholic church and one of the world's most visited places. For about a thousand years, the Papal States encompassed Rome and much of central Italy. In 1861, Italy was unified and in 1870 Rome fell to Italian troops and Pope Pius IX was forced to give up his territory. The flamboyant Swiss Guard, founded in 1506 by Julius II, is still the Papal State's army and is responsible for the pope's personal security, due to their record of neutrality. The Leonine walls were built in 846 and are the oldest remains of the city. The Vatican palace, home to the Vatican Museums and Sistine Chapel, was originally constructed by Pope Eugenius III in the 12th century and then extended by later popes.