Campus Martius Highlights Walking Tour is a 1.9 mile point-to-point trail located near the city of Roma. The trail is rated as moderate and primarily used for walking.
The Campuis Martius ("Field of Mars" in English or "Campo Marzio" in Italian) was an area of ancient Rome covering about two square kilometers. During Roman times, the area was outside the city walls, but was eventually filled with buildings. By the Middle Ages it had become one of the most populated areas in Rome. Today it is filled with many popular tourist destinations such as the Piazza Navona, and Pantheon, the Trevi Fountain, the Spanish Steps, and others. During the Middle Ages, barbarian invasions cut the water source to the aqueducts leading into the center of the city, forcing the population to abandon the surrounding hills and to congregate in the Campus Martius. Since it is near the Vatican, the area became the most crowded part of Rome in the Middle Ages, with plenty of pilgrims bringing wealth to the inhabitants. Rome's architecture has been influenced by Roman emperors (for 1,300 years) as well as Christian popes (for 300 hundreds years). Due to the Campus Martius' location, about half way between the Vatican and the center of ancient Rome, it is filled with treasures with both Roman and Christian times. The letters SPQR written on the Roman monuments stand for Senatus Populusque Romanus ("The Senate and Roman People"), symbolizing the Roman republic and the power that is shared between the senate and the people. According to legend, the senate was founded with the city in 753 B.C. by the first king of Rome, Romulus, and 100 of his friends. Senate members were always patricians (nobles) and direct family relatives of these 100 original senators. If you have just one day to visit Rome this walk includes most of the wonders of Rome outside the Vatican walls and the Roman forums.