The McLoughlin House stands today as a reminder of the great contribution Dr. John McLoughlin made to the settlement of the Oregon Country. In 1909, it was threatened with demolition, but a group of concerned local citizens formed the McLoughlin Memorial Association to preserve and protect the house and the legacy of Dr. McLoughlin. They moved the house from its original location by the river up to its present location atop the bluff, restored it, and turned the house into a museum. The McLoughlin Memorial Association continues to actively support the McLoughlin House, in partnership with the National Park Service. In 1941, the McLoughlin House was designated by Congress as a National Historic Site (the first in the West). It was added to the National Park System in 2003, as a unit of Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. For additional information, visit the National Park Service's website at www.nps.gov/fova/historyculture/mcloughlin-house.htm The mission of the McLoughlin Memorial Association is to assist in the promotion of Dr. John McLoughlin and his associates through education, interpretation, preservation, respect, and appreciation of our heritage. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Dr. John McLoughlin was chief factor (superintendent) of the British Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) based at Ft. Vancouver on the Columbia River. The fur trade brought the first permanent white settlers to the area. Dress hats made of beaver fur were worn by men and women around the world. British, French and American trappers swarmed over the western wilderness to bring in the sought-after pelts. Dr. McLoughlin crossed the Rockies in 1824 and established Ft. Vancouver in 1825. He proved to be a shrewd businessman, but he was always fair in dealing with natives and settlers alike. When American pioneers arrived on the Oregon Trail, they asked McLoughlin for supplies to help them survive their first winter in Oregon. His kindness to them would eventually cost him his job with the HBC. He had purchased HBC's land claim at Willamette Falls (Oregon City), and he and his family moved into his newly-built mansion in 1846 after being forced to retire. He died in this home in 1857.
Fantastic training hike that is moderate to difficult for the experienced hiker. A lot of switchbacking, some scattered rock/shingles and at some points the trail gets pretty narrow. That combined with heavy vegetation made it a bit difficult with trekking poles as they would get snagged on innocent ferns! Portland hikers guide advised about 2 miles of continuous climbing, but I think the trail was about 80% climbing. I went on a Sunday and hit the trailhead at exactly 10 am, parking lot was full (only about 10-12 spots at the John B Yeon TH) but the road 10 feet away had plenty of shoulder parking. Great views of the gorge and Mt. Adams. I only encountered about 7 people total in the 6 hours I was there, and met some really cool folks! Jason - if you see this, glad you got the AT app I recommended! A definite must do for the Gorge trail blazer!